Net zero is possible but requires strong policy. There are many potential pathways for Canada to reach net zero by 2050, but success depends on increased policy ambition across the country.

Two types of solutions are key to the transition to net zero: 

  • “Safe bets” are low-risk solutions including proven technologies; 
  • “Wild cards” are high-risk, but potentially high-reward solutions that are still in early stages of development. They should be treated as distinct but complementary (not competing) policy priorities. 

Based on our research, we offer the following recommendations for policy makers from all orders of government: