Net Zero Opportunities: A province-by-province comparison

Provinces’ preparation for the global low-carbon transition will determine whether they sink or swim.

Our 2021 report Sink or Swim highlighted the risks and opportunities Canada’s economy faces in the global low-carbon future. Building on that work, we took an in-depth look at how individual provinces are progressing toward the low-carbon transition. These provincial profiles outline province-specific risks and opportunities, trends in transition-opportunity sectors, and barriers to accelerating progress. Only provinces were assessed due to a lack of data on Canada’s territories.

All provinces are at distinct stages of progress: some are gaining momentum, some are showing signs of progress, while others are just getting started. Each province must do more to remain competitive, and to take advantage of huge economic growth opportunities in the new global market. 

The overview report Net Zero Opportunities: A province-by-province comparison highlights key findings, compares performance between provinces, and makes recommendations for how provincial and federal governments can support Canada’s transition to a low carbon future.

Provinces gaining momentum in the low-carbon transition

Four provinces are leading the way in the low-carbon transition, with large private sector investments supported by strong policies. Helping high-potential companies scale and commercialize in these provinces can generate new engines of growth and keep the momentum going.

Provinces showing signs of progress in the low-carbon transition

Three provinces are gaining momentum in the low-carbon transition, but to remain globally competitive they need to accelerate efforts to take advantage of growth opportunities.

Provinces getting started in the low-carbon transition

Three provinces are just beginning to seize new transition opportunities. Urgent action is needed to leverage their strengths, attract new sources of growth, and avoid being left behind.

Master reference list

Due to data limitations, information for Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland and Labrador are collated into one profile.

Related content


Get the next report.

Sign up to receive future research from the Canadian Climate Institute, as well as timely policy analysis, blogs, and event invitations.